Arts and Recreation

The Arts and Recreation sector is made up of organisations in sports clubs, recreation, lotteries, casinos and gambling, creative arts, health and fitness, amusement parks, performing arts venues, music and theatre, parks and gardens, zoos, museums, and horse and dog racing.

The sector includes 28,300 organisations and employs 246,400 people.

Arts and Recreation services is a small but growing industry, with a relatively young workforce, where part time work is common. There are few disruptive threats to jobs in the Arts and Recreation sector.

Facts & figures

Employment:    246,400

Organisations:    28,300

  • Employing:


  • Self-employed:



  • Avg Salary:


  • Avg weekly:


Opportunity & Threat


Creative Industries categories focus on original creation and interpretation in performance and presentation, and these things are hard to automate and replace. However, technology is widely used in support of creative activities in music, theatre, art and design. Blockchain is being used in digital rights and IP management to better protect the rights of content creators. 

Technology mainly represents opportunity for Museums, Zoos, Performing Arts and Creative Arts, which are already using AR, VR and robotics to advantage.

VR, AR and AI are also used in Sport and Physical Recreation and in Sporting codes of all kinds to measure and enhance performance, and create personalised training regimes for athletes.

Technology is also widely used in Amusement Parks and Gambling activities.


AI is increasingly able to replicate and produce “original” content for publishing for web and print media, and support the creation of avatars and animation in film and television.

It is still early days, but inevitably there will be challenges to actors, performers and designers in years to come.


The coronavirus has impacted arts and recreation hardest of all. Events, galleries, museums, theatres and cinemas have been closed by government order. 75% of employees are likely to lose their jobs because of pandemic shutdowns.

Recovery will be dependent on a vaccine or treatment option becoming available across Australia, before arts and recreation organisations are able to fully operate again.

Replacement of live performances with online options has been insufficient in covering the costs of production, wages and facilities.

Augmented Reality Demo for American Museum of Natural History

Animating 100 year old dioramas at the American Museum of Natural History.

Augmented reality is a technology that superimposes information in various formats (for example, video, audio, 3 dimensional models, text) on to real world objects.

Using a mobile device such as a smart phone or tablet, visitors to the museum will be able to access more information about the presentations and artefacts around them than they would be able to do using their eye sight alone.

Case Study

Job & Study options

Jobs options

jobactive is the Australian Government’s free service that connects job seekers with employers, delivered by a network of jobactive providers across Australia. The jobactive website will help you to find out more about jobactive and to find your local provider. Job seekers can also call the Employment Services Information Line on 13 62 68.

Job Outlook can help you make decisions about study and training, getting your first job, or the next step in your career. It provides information about Australian careers, labour market trends and employment projections. This website provides more detailed statistical information for the occupations included in the Australian Jobs Occupation Matrix.

Job Jumpstart website is a one-stop-shop for practical, independent and free employment planning advice.

What’s Next? The What’s Next? website provides a range of online resources to help workers facing retrenchment to manage the transition to their next job as quickly as possible.

Skills options

Australian Apprenticeships provides information on apprenticeships and traineeships, including factsheets and links.

Quality Indicators for Learning and Teaching  provides information about Australian universities, including study experiences and employment outcomes.

MYSKILLS  is an online database of Vocational Education and Training options, including information about providers, courses, outcomes and fees.  for information on training packages, qualifications, courses, units of competency and Registered Training Organisations.

National Centre for Vocational Education Research  provides research and statistics about Vocational Education and Training and the links between education and the labour market.

myfuture is an online career exploration service which includes information on a range of career-related topics.

Sector categories

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